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Images of sexual exploitation of minors

It refers to the former term “child pornography.” Child pornography refers to any photographic, filmed or other representation of a person under the age of 18 years depicted or engaged in explicit sexual activity (section 163.1 of the Criminal Code). We prefer to use the term “images of sexual exploitation of minors” so as not to minimize the impact on victims through the term “pornography.”  

Children or minors

In Quebec, the age of majority is 18. Any person under the age of 18 is therefore considered a child or a minor for the purposes of youth protection. 


Any image, thought or scenario of a sexual nature that occurs in the mind leading to sexual arousal. 


Watching an unsuspecting person, with clothes on or naked, undressing or having sex. (According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders—DSM-5)


The act of displaying one’s genitals in front of someone who is caught off guard. (According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders—DSM-5)

Non consentant / non consentante

Who has not given free and informed consent in accordance with Section 273.1 et seq. of the Criminal Code.  


Violence is present when an act (words, writing, gestures, either obvious or subtle) is intentionally committed against another person and may result in consequences for that person (anxiety, loss of property, trauma, psychological damage, developmental problems, physical injury, death). This includes all forms of abuse: psychological, verbal, physical, sexual or economic.